Renaissance town halls in Kyjov and Prachatice, modernist ones in Ostrava and Jablonec nad Nisou, but also the monument to King George of Poděbrady in the spa town of the same name or the Mayor’s tram from 1900.
At the proposal of the Ministry of Culture, the list of national cultural monuments will be newly enriched with 16 properties and two pearls from the treasury of Czech historical technology. The government approved their elevation to the highest monument protection status this week, but according to the proposal, they should only be officially added to the list from July 1, 2024.
Promotion in groups
In the past, the collection of national cultural monuments was not expanded every year, but in recent years it has become a regular practice. At the same time, the proponents often reach for groups of similar types of monuments. For example, last time there were several castles and monasteries, a year before that a group of churches in the Broumovsk region.
Check out the newly designed National Cultural Monuments
This year, the Ministry of Culture mainly reached out to historic town halls in various architectural styles. “The historic town hall buildings of our cities are a very specific and unique part of the cultural heritage of the Czech Republic. These important city buildings represent an extremely valuable treasury of historical architectural styles and a showcase of high-quality traditional arts and crafts,” explained Minister of Culture Martin Baxa (ODS). The most, three in total, are in the South Moravian region.
Next to them, the lesser-known castle and chateau in Poběžovice in western Bohemia, in the foothills of the Bohemian Forest, received the highest protection. It is mainly associated with the versatile personality of Richard Mikuláš Count Coudenhove-Kalergi, who was the founder of the pan-European movement, the ideological predecessor of the European Union.
In this he was close to King Jiří of Poděbrady, whose monument in Poděbrady in central Bohemia is another item on the list. Both personalities are united by the idea of a peaceful organization of a united Europe that was ahead of its time.
New national cultural monuments
- Malostran town hall in Prague (the capital Prague)
- Monument to King George of Poděbrady in Poděbrady (Central Bohemia Region)
- The old town hall of the royal city of Prachatice (South Bohemian Region)
- City Hall of the Royal City of Pilsen (Pilsen Region)
- Poběžovice castle and chateau (Pilsen Region)
- City Hall of the Royal City of Kadaň (Usti Region)
- City Hall of the Royal City of Litoměřice (Usti Region)
- The new town hall of Jablonec nad Nisou (Liberec region)
- Liberec City Hall (Liberec region)
- Hostinné town hall (Hradec Kralove region)
- The town hall of the royal city of Havlíčkův Brod (Highlands region)
- The old town hall of the royal city of Brno (South-Moravian region)
- City Hall of the Chamber City of Kyjov (South-Moravian region)
- The town hall of the royal city of Znojmo (South-Moravian region)
- The new town hall of Prostějov (Olomouc region)
- The new town hall of the city of Ostrava (Moravian-Silesian Region)
- The mayor’s tram from 1900 (capital Prague)
- Křižík tram from 1899 (Pilsen region)
Source: Ministry of Culture
The whole is completed by two of the most valuable historical trams in the Czech territory – Prague’s Primátorská tram and Pilsen’s Křižík tram, both from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. They are valuable not only technically and for the quality of artistic craftsmanship, but also for their importance for the history of technology and industry in the Czech lands.
National cultural monuments represent the most important part of Czech cultural wealth. These include not only buildings, but also movable objects, including important archaeological finds. The Ministry of Culture, together with the National Institute of Monuments, is trying to continuously expand this collection so that it gives a comprehensive picture of the entire spectrum of Czech cultural heritage, also in a European context.